Cain, Molly R.; Ward, Adam S.; Hrachowitz, Markus. 2019. Ecohydrologic separation alters interpreted hydrologic stores and fluxes in a headwater mountain catchment. Hydrological Processes. 33(20): 2658-2675. doi: 10.1002/hyp.13518
Recent studies have demonstrated that compartmentalized pools of water preferentially supply either plant transpiration (poorly mobile water) or streamflow and groundwater (highly mobile water) in some catchments, a phenomenon referred to as ecohydrologic separation. The omission of processes accounting for ecohydrologic separation in standard applications of hydrological models is expected to influence estimates of water residence times and plant water availability. However, few studies have tested this expectation or investigated how ecohydrologic separation alters interpretations of stores and fluxes of water within a catchment. In this study, we compare two rainfall-runoff models that integrate catchment-scale representations of transport, one that incorporates ecohydrologic separation and one that does not. The models were developed for a second-order watershed at the H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest (Oregon, USA), the site where ecohydrologic separation was first observed, and calibrated against multiple years of stream discharge and chloride concentration. Model structural variations caused mixed results for differences in calibrated parameters and differences in storage between reservoirs. However, large differences in catchment storage volumes and fluxes arise when considering only mobile water. These changes influence interpreted residence times for streamflow-generating water, demonstrating the importance of ecohydrologic separation in catchment-scale water and solute transport.
Keywords: conceptual model, hydrologic connectivity, plant water sources, preferential flow, residence times, soil water, tracer, two-water worlds hypothesis