Long-Term Hydrology and Aquatic Biogeochemistry Data from H. J. Andrews Experimental Forest, Cascade Mountains, Oregon

Publications Type: 
Journal Article
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Johnson, Sherri L.; Henshaw, Don; Downing, Greg; Wondzell, Steve; Schulze, Mark; Kennedy, Adam; Cohn, Greg; Schmidt, Stephanie A.; Jones, Julia A. 2021. Long-Term Hydrology and Aquatic Biogeochemistry Data from H. J. Andrews Experimental Forest, Cascade Mountains, Oregon. Hydrological Processes. 35(5): e14187. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.14187


The H. J. Andrews Experimental Forest (HJA) encompasses the 6400 ha Lookout Creek watershed in western Oregon, USA. Hydrologic, chemistry and precipitation data have been collected, curated, and archived for up to 70 years. The HJA was established in 1948 to study the effects of harvest of old-growth conifer forest and logging-road construction on water quality, quantity and vegetation succession. Over time, research questions have expanded to include terrestrial and aquatic species, communities and ecosystem dynamics. There are nine small experimental watersheds and 10 gaging stations in the HJA, including both reference and experimentally treated watersheds. Gaged watershed areas range from 8.5 to 6242 ha. All gaging stations record stage height, water conductivity, water temperature and above-stream air temperature. At nine of the gage sites, flow-proportional water samples are collected and composited over 3-week intervals for chemical analysis. Analysis of stream and precipitation chemistry began in 1968. Analytes include dissolved and particulate species of nitrogen and phosphorus, dissolved organic carbon, pH, specific conductance, suspended sediment, alkalinity, and major cations and anions. Supporting climate measurements began in the 1950s in association with the first small watershed experiments. Over time, and following the initiation of the Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) grant in 1980, infrastructure expanded to include a set of benchmark and secondary meteorological stations located in clearings spanning the elevation range within the Lookout Creek watershed, as well as a large number of forest understory temperature stations. Extensive metadata on sensor configurations, changes in methods over time, sensor accuracy and precision, and data quality control flags are associated with the HJA data.