Relative Influence of Landscape Variables and Discharge on Suspended Sediment Yields in Temperate Mountain Catchments

Year: 
2018
Publications Type: 
Journal Article
Publication Number: 
5047
Citation: 

Bywater-Reyes, Sharon; Bladon, Kevin D.; Segura, Catalina. 2018. Relative Influence of Landscape Variables and Discharge on Suspended Sediment Yields in Temperate Mountain Catchments. Water Resources Research. 54:1-17. doi: 10.1029/2017WR021728

Abstract: 

Abstract Suspended sediment is an important regulator of stream habitat quality but notoriously difficult to predict and regulate. This difficulty arises because of high natural variability in suspended sediment yield in space and time. Here we quantified associations between suspended sediment yields and discharge, watershed setting (i.e., physiography and lithology), and disturbance history for 10 temperate mountain watersheds (8.5–6,242 ha) in the U.S. Pacific Northwest (H.J. Andrews Long-Term Ecological Research, LTER) over an ~60-year period. Annual suspended sediment yields varied almost 4 orders of magnitude across space and time. A linear mixed effects model indicated that much of the variation in yields could be explained by the random effect of site (conditional R2 = 0.74) with additional variation explained by the fixed effects (marginal R2 = 0.67) of cumulative annual discharge (p

Keywords: H.J. Andrews, suspended sediment yield, Oregon, LTER, long-term data, forest management