back to learning opportunities | back to home

 

 

PUBLICATIONS:
Most linked publications are PDF files.

CASCADE CENTER COMMUNIQUES

Hunter, Matthew G. 1993. Communique #1: Young managed stands. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 16pp.

Hunter, Matthew G. 1995. Communique #2: Residual trees as biological legacies. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 28pp.

Hunter, Matthew G. 2001. Communique #3: Management in young forests. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 28pp.

 

CASCADE CENTER PROJECT SUMMARIES

Burditt, Lynn. 1996. Cascade Center: Purpose, roles, distinguishing features. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Cissel, John H. 1997. The Blue River Landscape Study: Testing an alternative approach. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Cissel, John H. 2000. Chucksney Mountain Meadow Restoration: Using the tools of prescribed fire. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Griffiths, Robert. 1999. Mycorrhizal fungal mats: role in forest productivity. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Han, Han-Sup. 1999. Residual stand damage from thinning: young stand thinning and diversity study. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Harmon, Mark 1998. Dead Wood, Bugs, Fungi, and New Forests: The log decomposition study. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Harrington, Connie. 1996. Very Young Stand Management: An adaptive management case study. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Mayo, Jim. 1996. The Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study: Managing for diversity. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Overton, Jim. 1996. Long-Term Ecosystem Productivity: Integrated research site. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Pilz, David. 1998. Chanterelle Mushroom Productivity: Response to young stand thinning. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Ribe, Robert. 2001. Public Perceptions of Alternative Forest Management Practices: Testing alternative stand treatments. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Swindle, Keith 1997. The Northern Spotted Owl: Central Cascades demography study. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Tucker, Gabe. 1999. The H.J. Andrews uneven-aged management project: managing young stands. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

White, Seth. 2001. Small Watershed Studies: 50 years in the Lookout Creek basin. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Wildman, Randy. 1999. Quartz Creek restoration project: aquatic ecosystem response. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

 

BLUE RIVER LANDSCAPE STUDY REPORTS & PUBLICATIONS

General:

Cissel, John. 1998. Blue River Landscape Study: testing an alternative approach Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Cissel, John H.; Swanson, Frederick J.; Weisberg, Peter J. 1999. Landscape management using historical fire regimes: Blue River, Oregon. Ecol. Applications, 9(4): 1217-1231.

Cissel, John; ed. 2001. Blue River Landscape Administrative Study Plan. Unpublished report.

 

Information Sources:

Cissel, John; Swanson, Frederick; Grant, Gordon; Olson, Dede; Gregory, Stanley; [and others]. A landscape plan based on historical fire regimes for a managed forest ecosystem: the Augusta Creek study 1998. PNW-GTR-422.

Weisberg, Peter. 1996. Spatial variation in pre-settlement fire frequency, Blue River watershed, central western Oregon Cascades. Unpublished report.

Hunter, Matt. 1996. Herpetofauna in the Blue River watershed, west-central Cascades, Oregon. Unpublished report.

Geary, Karen. 1996. Blue River watershed analysis. Unpublished report.

Weisberg, Peter. 1998. Fire history, fire regimes, and development of forest structure in the central western Oregon Cascades. Phd. dissertation on file at Oregon State University.

Hunter, Matt. 1998. Watershed-level patterns among stream amphibians in the Blue River watershed, west-central Cascades of Oregon. MS. thesis on file at Oregon State University.

Sullivan, Lawrence. 2002. Stream temperature response to partial canopy removal in first and second order streams in the central Oregon Cascades. Master's paper on file at Geosciences Department at Oregon State University.

 

Monitoring:

Hunter, Matt. 1999. Blue River Landscape Study stream amphibian monitoring: pilot study 1998, draft. Unpublished report.

Hunter, Matt. 1999. Blue River Landscape Study stream temperature monitoring: pilot study 1998, draft. Unpublished report.

Acker, Steve. 2000. Upland vegetation monitoring for the Blue River Landscape Study: Development of protocols and initial measurements. Unpublished report.

Acker, Steve. 2000. Upland vegetation monitoring for the Blue River Landscape Study:Year 2 results. Unpublished report.

Hunter, Matt. 2000. Monitoring amphibians, temperature, channel structure, and wood in 10 headwater streams in the Blue River Landscape Study. Unpublished report.

 

YOUNG STAND THINNING AND DIVERSITY STUDY REPORTS & PUBLICATIONS

Vegetation:

Bohac, S.A., Lattig, M.D., and Tucker, G.F. 1997. Initial vegetative response to alternative thinning treatments in second growth Douglas-fir stands of the Central Oregon Cascades. The Evergreen State College. 47 pp.

Garman, S.L. 2000. Biodiversity of thinned stands: Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study. Oregon State University. 31pp

Wildlife:

Hagar, J. 1999. Songbird community response to thinning of young Douglas-fir stands in the Oregon Cascades. Second year post-treatment results for the Willamette NF Young Stand Study. Oregon State University. 7pp.

Garman, S.L. 1999. Assessing potential development of snags: Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study. Oregon State University. 34 pp.

Garman, S.L. 2000. Response of ground-dwelling vertebrates to thinning young stands: The Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study. Interim report. Oregon State University. 35 pp.

Hagar, J. 2001. Songbird community response to thinning of young Douglas-fir stands in the Oregon Cascades. Third year post-treatment results for the Willamette NF Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study. Oregon State University. 7pp.

Garman, S.L. 2001. Response of ground-dwelling vertebrates to thinning young stands: The Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study. Oregon State University. 27 pp.

Fungi:

For the most recent information, go to the Chanterelle Mushroom Productivity website.

Harvest Operations:

Kellogg, L.D., G.V. Milota, and B. Stringham. 1998. Logging planning and layout costs for thinning: experience from the Willamette Young Stand Project. Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University. Research Contribution 20. 20 pp.

Kellogg, L.D., M. Miller Jr., and E. D. Olsen. 1999. Skyline thinning production and costs: experience from the Willamette Young Stand Project. Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University. Research Contribution 21. 33 pp.

Kellogg, L.D., G.V. Milota, and M. Miller Jr. [in press]. Tractor thinning production and costs. Experience from the Willamette Young Stand Project. Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University.

Kellogg, L.D., M.M. Hossain, and E.D. Olsen. [in press]. Mechanized thinning production and costs. Experience from the Willamette Young Stand Project. Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University.

Soils:

Allen, M.M. 1997. Soil compaction and disturbance following commercial thinning with cable and cut-to-length systems in the Oregon Cascades. M.F. Thesis. Forest Engineering Department, Oregon State University. 105 pp.

Allen, M.M., and P.W. Adams. 1998. Soil bulk density and penetrometer measurements after harvester and forwarder traffic over different slash depths in the Oregon Cascades. Forest Engineering Department, Oregon State University. 87 pp.

Stand Damage:

Han, H.-S. and L.D. Kellogg. 2000. Damage characteristics in young Douglas-fir stands from commercial thinning with four timber harvesting systems. Western Journal of Applied Forestry. 15(1):27-33.

Han, H.-S., T.W. Steele, and L.D. Kellogg. [submitted]. DamQuick: A new method for rapidly assessing residual stand damage during partial timber harvests. Canadian Journal of Forest Resources.

Han, H.-S., L.D. Kellogg, G.M. Filip, and T.D. Brown. 2000. Scar closure and future timber value losses from thinning damage in western Oregon. Forest Products Journal. 50(1):36-42.

Han, H.-S. and L.D. Kellogg. 2000. A comparison of sampling methods for measuring residual stand damage from commercial thinning. Journal of Forest Engineering. 11(1):63-71.

Nutrient Cycling:

Boyle, James R., and T.L. Buford. 1999. Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study (YSTDS) post-treatment woody detritus inventory final report. Department of Forest Resources, College of Forestry, Oregon State University. 9pp.

 

ADDITIONAL REFERENCES ON YOUNG MANAGED FORESTS

Predominantly recent material (last two decades), and in no way comprehensive.
Includes all literature cited in Hunter (2001), Communique: Management in Young Forests plus others.

Acker, S. A., T. E. Sabin, L. M. Ganio, and W. A. McKee. 1998. Development of old-growth structure and timber volume growth trends in maturing Douglas-fir stands. For. Ecol. Manage. 104:265-280.

Allen, M.M. 1997. Soil compaction and disturbance following commercial thinning with cable and cut-to-length systems in the Oregon Cascades. M.F. Thesis. Forest Engineering Department, Oregon State University. 105 pp.

Allen, M. M., P. W. Adams, and L. D. Kellogg. 1997. Soil bulk density and penetrometer measurements after harvester and forwarder traffic over different slash depths in the Oregon Cascades, research project completion report, June 30, 1997. Forest Engineering Department, Oregon State University. 87 pp.

Andrews, S., J. Perkins, J. Thrailkill, N. Poage, J. Tappeiner. IN PREP. Silvicultural approaches to develop northern spotted owl nesting habitat, east-central Coast Ranges, Oregon.

Aubry, K. 2000. Amphibians in managed, second-growth Douglas-fir forests. J. Wildl. Manage. 64(4):1041-1052.

Bailey, J. D., and J. C. Tappeiner. 1998. Effects of thinning on structural development in 40- to 100-year-old Douglas-fir stands in western Oregon. For. Ecol. and Manage. 108:99-113.

Bailey, J.D., C. Mayrsohn, P.S. Doescher, E. St. Pierre, and J.C. Tappeiner. 1998. Understory vegetation in old and young Douglas-fir forests of western Oregon. Forest Ecology and Management 112:289-302.

Barbour, J. R., S. Johnson, J. P. Hayes, and G. F. Tucker. 1997. Simulated stand characteristics and wood product yields from Douglas-fir plantations managed for ecosystem objectives. For. Ecol. Manage. 91:205-219.

Beese, W. J., and A. A. Bryant. 1999. Effect of alternative silvicultural systems on vegetation and bird communities in coastal montane forests of British Columbia. For. Ecol. Manage. 115:231-242.

Bettinger, K. 1996. Bird communities in 5- to 34-year-old managed Douglas-fir stands on the Willamette National Forest, Oregon Cascades. MS Thesis: Oregon State University, Corvallis.

Bohac, S.A., Lattig, M.D., and Tucker, G.F. 1997. Initial vegetative response to alternative thinning treatments in second growth Douglas-fir stands of the Central Oregon Cascades. The Evergreen State College. 47 pp.

Boyle, James R., and T.L. Buford. 1999. Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study (YSTDS) post-treatment woody detritus inventory final report. Department of Forest Resources, College of Forestry, Oregon State University. 9pp.

Bunnell, F. L., and L. L. Kremsater. 1990. Sustaining wildlife in managed forests. Northwest Environmental Journal 6(2):243-269.

Busing, R. T., and S. L. Garman. 2001. Promoting old-growth characteristics and long-term wood production in Douglas-fir forests. For. Ecol. Manage. XX:XXX-XXX.

Butts, S. R., and W. C. McComb. 2000. Associations of forest-floor vertebrates with coarse woody debris in managed forests, of western Oregon. J. Wildl. Manage. 64:95-104.

Carey, A. B. 1995. Sciurids in Pacific Northwest managed and old-growth forests. Ecological Applications 5(3): 648-661.

Carey, A. B. 1996. Interactions of northwest forest canopies and arboreal mammals. Northwest Science 69(special issue): 72-78.

Carey, A. B., and M. H. Johnson. 1995. Small mammals in managed, naturally young, and old-growth forests. Ecological Applications 5(2): 336-352.

Carey, A. B., and J. K. Kershner. 1996. Spilogale gracilis in upland forests of western Oregon and Washington. Northwestern Naturalist 77: 29-34.

Carey, A. B., T. M. Wilson, C. C. Maguire, and B. L. Biswell. 1997. Dens of northern flying squirrels in the Pacific Northwest. J. of Wildl. Manage. 61: 684-699.

Carey, A. B., J. K. Kershner, B. L. Biswell, and L. D. de Toledo. 1999. Ecological scale and forest development: squirrels, dietary fungi, and vascular plants. Wildlife Monographs 142:1-71.

Carey, A. B. 1998. Ecological foundations of biodiversity: lessons from natural and managed forests of the Pacific Northwest. Northwest Science 72 (special issue):127-133.

Carey, A. B. In press. Ecology of northern flying squirrels: implications for ecosystem management in the Pacific Northwest, USA. In R. Goldingay and J. Scheibe, eds. Gliding mammals. Filander Verlag, Fürth, Germany.

Carey, A. B. 1999. Red tree vole/Arborimus longicaudus. Pages 620-622 in D. E. Wilson and S. Ruff, eds. The Smithsonian book of North American mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 750 p.

Carey, A. B., and K. C. Peeler. 1995. Spotted owls: resource and space use in mosaic landscapes. Journal of Raptor Research 29(4): 223-239.

Carey, A. B., D. R. Thysell, L. J. Villa, T. M. Wilson, S. M. Wilson, J. M. Trappe, E. R. Ingham, M. Holmes, and W. Colgan. 1996. Foundations of biodiversity in managed Douglas-fir stands. Pages 68-82 in D. L. Peterson and C. V. Klimas, eds. The role of restoration in ecosystem management. Society for Ecological Restoration, Madison, Wisconsin.

Carey, A. B., C. Elliott, B. R. Lippke, J. Sessions, C. J. Chambers, C. D. Oliver, J. F. Franklin, and M. J. Raphael. 1996. A pragmatic, ecological approach to small landscape management: final report of the biodiversity pathways working group of the Washington Landscape Management Project. Washington Forest Landscape Management Project Report No. 2. Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Olympia, Washington, USA. 98 p.

Carey, A.B., M.M. Hardt, S.P. Horton, and B.L. Biswell. 1991. Spring bird communities in the Oregon Coast Range. Pages 122-142 in L.F. Ruggiero, K.A. Aubry, A.B. Carey, and M.H. Huff (tech. eds.). Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. USDA For. Serv., Pacific Northwest Res. Sta. Gen. Tech. Rept. PNW-GTR-285, Portland, OR.

Carey, A. B., and R. O. Curtis. 1996. Conservation of biodiversity: a useful paradigm for forest ecosystem management. Wildlife Society Bulletin 24: 610-620.

Carey, A.B., and S.M. Wilson. 2001. Induced spatial heterogeneity in Douglas-fir canopies: responses of small mammals. J. Wildl. Manage.: in press.

Carey, A. B., D. R. Thysell, and A. Brodie. 1999a. The Forest Ecosystem Study: background, rationale, implementation, baseline conditions, and silvicultural assessment. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-457. 129 p.

Carey, A. B., J. M. Calhoun, B. Dick, K. O’Halloran, L. S. Young, R. E. Bigley, S. Chan, C. A. Harrington, J. P. Hayes, and J. Marzluff. 1999b. Reverse technology transfer: obtaining feedback from managers. West. J. Appl. For. 14(3):153-163.

Carey, A. B., B. R. Lippke, and J. Sessions. 1999c. Intentional systems management: managing forests for biodiversity. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 9(3/4):83-125.

Carey, A. B. 2000. Effects of new forest management strategies on squirrel populations. Ecological Applications 10(1):248-257.

Carey, A. B. 2001. Experimental manipulation of spatial heterogeneity in Douglas-fir forests: effects on squirrels. For. Ecol. and Manage XX:XXX-XXX..

Carey, A. B., and C. A. Harrington. 2001. Small mammals in second-growth forests: implications for management for sustainability. Forest Ecology and Management: in press.

Carey, A. B. in review. Effects of supplementary den sites on northern flying squirrel populations in second-growth Douglas fir. Journal of Wildlife Management.

Carey, A. B. in review. Choosing wildlife indicators of ecosystem function and sustainability. Forest Science.

Chambers, C.L., T. Carrigan, T.E. Sabin, J. Tappeiner, W.C. McComb. 1997. Use of artificially created Douglas-fir snags by cavity-nesting birds. West. J. Appl. For. 12 (3):93-97.

Colgan III, W. [et. al.] 1999. Diversity and productivity of hypogeous fungal sporocarps in a variably thinned Douglas-fir forest. Can. J. For. Res. 29:1259-1268.

Colgan, W., III, J. Trappe, R. Molina, A. B. Carey, and D. Thysell. 1996. Production of hypogeous fungal sporocarps in a variably thinned Douglas-fir forest. Pages 83-85 in C. Azcon-Aguilar and J. M. Barea, eds. Proceedings of the 4th European Symposium on Mycorrhizas. European Commission on Science, Research, and Development, Granada, Spain.

Colgan, W. III., J. Trappe, R. Molina, A. B. Carey, and D. Thysell. 1996. Influence of thinning, plant diversity, and mycophagous mammals on mycorrhizal fungi. Pages 39-41 in D. Pilz and R. Molina, eds. Managing forest ecosystems to conserve fungus diversity and sustain wild mushroom harvests. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-371.

Colgan, W. III., A. B. Carey, J. M. Trappe, R. Molina, and D. Thysell. 1999. Diversity and productivity of hypogeous fungal sporocarps in a variably thinned Douglas-fir forest. Can. J. For. Res. 29:1259-1268.

Curtis, R. O., D. S. DeBell, C. A. Harrington, D. P. Lavender, J. B. St. Clair, J. C. Tappeiner, and J. D. Walstad. 1998. Silviculture for multiple objectives in the Douglas-fir Region. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-435, USDA Forest Service, PNW Region, Portland, OR.123 pp.

Curtis, R. L., and A. B. Carey. 1996. Timber supply in the Pacific Northwest: managing for economic and ecologic values. J. For. 94: 4-7, 35-37.

Davis, J. 2000. [Untitled issue paper dated December 8, 2000]. Coos Bay District, Bureau of Land Management. 5 pp.

Deisenhofer, Florian. 2000. Influence of light on the growth of advance regeneration in the understory of Douglas-fir dominated forests in western Oregon. MS Thesis, Oreg. State Univ., Corvallis.

Emmingham, B. 1998. Uneven-aged management in the Pacific Northwest. J. Forestry. 96(7):37-39.

Emmingham, W. H., S. S. Chan, D. Mikowski, P. W. Owston, and B. Bishaw. 2000. Silviculture practices for riparian forests in the Oregon Coast Range. Research Contribution 24, Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University, Corvallis.

Fabris, S. 2000. Influence of cambial ageing, initial spacing, stem taper, and growth rate on the wood quality of three coastal conifers. PhD Thesis, Univ. British Columbia.

Franklin, J.F., and M. Hemstrom. 1981. Aspects of succession in the coniferous forests of the Pacific Northwest. p. 212-229 in D. C. West, H. H. Shugart, and D. B. Botkin, Forest succession concepts and application. Springer Verlag: New York.

Franklin, J. F., and T. A. Spies. 1991. Ecological definitions of old-growth Douglas-fir forests. Pp. 61-69 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. A. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. H. Huff (tech. eds.). Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. USDA Forest Servcie, Pacific Northwest Research Stationn General Tech. Report PNW-GTR-285, Portland, OR.

Franklin, J.F., Dean Rae Berg, D.Thornburg, and J.Tappenier. 1996. Alternative Silvicultural approaches to timber harvest: Variable retention harvest system. In Forestry for the 21st Century. (Kathryn Kohm, ed.) Island Press. Washington D.C.

Franklin, J. F., T. A. Spies, R. Van Pelt, A. Carey, D. Thornburgh, D. R. Berg, D. Lindemayer, M. Harmon, W. Keeton, and D. C. Shaw. 2001. Disturbances and the structural development of natural forest ecosystems with some implications for silviculture. Forest Ecology and Management: in press.

Franklin, J. F., T. A. Spies, R. Van Pelt, A. B. Carey, D. A. Thornburgh, D. R. Berg, D. B. Lindenmayer, M. E. Harmon, W. S. Keeton, D. C. Shaw, K. Bible, J. Chen. 2001. Disturbances and structural development of natural forest ecosystems with silvicultural implications, using Douglas-fir forests as an example. [For. Ecol. Manage. XX:XXX-XXX].

Garman, S.L. 1998. Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study: Post-treatment assessment of ground-dwelling vertebrates. Interim report. Oregon State University. 13pp.

Garman, S.L. 1999a. Assessing potential development of snags: Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study. Oregon State University. 34 pp.

Garman, S. L. 1999b. Accelerating development of late-successional conditions in young managed Douglas-fir stands: a simulation study. Oregon State University. 196 pp. [Submitted to USDA Forest Service as PNW Gen. Tech. Report.]

Garman, S.L. 2000a. Biodiversity of thinned stands: Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study. Oregon State University. 31pp.

Garman, S.L. 2000b. Response of ground-dwelling vertebrates to thinning young stands: The Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study. Interim report. Oregon State University. 35 pp.

Garman, S. L. 2001a. Development of meta-models for assessing ecological effects of alternative thinning regimes. Oregon State University. 31 pp.

Garman, S. L. 2001b. Simulated future thinning prescriptions: young stand thinning and diversity study. Oregon State University. 52 pp.

Gilbert, F.F., and Allwine, R. 1991. Spring bird communities in the Oregon Cascade Range. U.S. Forest Service, Portland. In: Ruggiero LF, Aubry KB, Carey AB, Huff MH, technical coordinators. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. Portland, OR: USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-285. p.145-158.

Gomez, D. M., R. G. Anthony, and J. P. Hayes. [to be submitted]. Influence of thinning of Douglas-fir forests on abundance and diet of northern flying squirrels in western Oregon.

Goslin, M. N. 1997. Development of two coniferous stands impacted by multiple, partial fires in the Oregon Cascades: establishment history and the spatial patterns of colonizing tree species relative to old-growth remnant trees. MS Thesis, Oreg. State Univ., Corvallis. 170 pp.

Gray, A. N., and T. A. Spies. 1996. Gap size, within-gap position, and canopy structure effects on conifer seedling establishment in forest gaps. J. Ecol. 84:635-645.

Gray, A. N., and J. F. Franklin. 1997. Effects of multiple fires on the structure of southwestern Washington forests. Northwest Science 71:174-185.

Grialou, J. A., S. D. West, and R. N. Wilkins. 2000. The effects of forest clearcut harvesting and thinning on terrestrial salamanders. J. of Wildl. Manage. 64:105-113.

Gross, S. E., G. Braden, and A. B. Carey. in litt. Mosses, lichens, and liverworts in squirrel nests: implications for conservation. for Northwestern Naturalist.

Haeussler, S.; Tappeiner, J.C. II.; Greber, B.J. TI: Germination, survival, and early growth of red alder seedlings in the central Coast Range of Oregon. Canadian Journal Forest Research. Ottawa, National Research Council of Canada. Oct 1995. v. 25 (10) p. 1639-1651.

Hagan, J. M., and S. L. Grove. 1999. Coarse woody debris: humans and nature competing for trees. J. For. 97(1):6-11.

Hagar, J. 1999. Songbird community response to thinning of young Douglas-fir stands in the Oregon Cascades. Second year post-treatment results for the Willamette NF Young Stand Study. Oregon State University. 7pp.

Hagar, J., and S. Howlin. 2001. Songbird Community Response to Thinning of Young Douglas-fir Stands in the Oregon Cascades - Third Year Post-treatment Results for the Willamette N.F., Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study. Report prepared for USDA Forest Service, Willamette N.F.

Hagar, J. C., W. C. McComb, and W. H. Emmingham. 1996. Bird communities in commercially thinned and unthinned Douglas-fir stands of western Oregon. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 24:353-366.

Halpern, C. B., and T. A. Spies. 1995. Plant species diversity in natural and managed forests of the Pacific Northwest. Ecol. Appl. 5:913-934.

Han, H.-S. and L.D. Kellogg. 2000a. A comparison of sampling methods for measuring residual stand damage from commercial thinning. Journal of Forest Engineering. 11(1):63-71.

Han, H.-S. and L.D. Kellogg. 2000b. Damage characteristics in young Douglas-fir stands from commercial thinning with four timber harvesting systems. Western Journal of Applied Forestry. 15(1):27-33.

Han, H.-S., L.D. Kellogg, G.M. Filip, and T.D. Brown. 2000. Scar closure and future timber value losses from thinning damage in western Oregon. Forest Products Journal. 50(1):36-42.

Han, H.-S., T.W. Steele, and L.D. Kellogg. [submitted]. DamQuick: A new method for rapidly assessing residual stand damage during partial timber harvests. Canadian Journal of Forest Resources.

Hansen, A. J., T. A. Spies, F. J. Swanson, and J. L. Ohmann. 1991. Conserving biodiversity in managed forests, lessons from natural forests. BioScience 41:382-392.

Hansen, A.J., W.C. McComb, R. Vega, M.G. Raphael, and M.G. Hunter. 1995. Bird habitat relationships in natural and managed forests in the west Cascades of Oregon. Ecol. Appl. 5:555-569.

Harrington, Timothy B.; Tappeiner, John C., II. 1997. Growth responses of young Douglas-fir and tanoak 11 years after various levels of hardwood removal and understory suppression in southwestern Oregon, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 96:1-11.

Haveri, B. A., and A. B. Carey. 2000. Forest-management strategy, spatial heterogeneity, and winter birds in Washington. Wildlife Society Bulletin 28(3):643-653.

Hayes, J. P. 1996. Arborimus longicaudus [red tree vole]. Mammalian species No. 532, pp. 1-5.

Hayes, J. P., S. S. Chan, W. H. Emmingham, J. C. Tappeiner, L. D. Kellogg, and J. D. Bailey. 1997. Wildlife response to thinning young forests in the Pacific Northwest. J. Forestry 95(8):28-33.

Haynes, R. W., R. A. Monserud, and J. Stevens. 2001. Progress towards understanding compatibility between wood production and other forest values. Gen. Tech. rep. PNW-GTR-(in press). Portland, OR: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Hobbs, S.D., G. Wells, eds. [expected 2002]. Forest and stream management in the Oregon Coast Range. Oreg. State Univ. Press, Corvallis.

Huff, M.H., and Raley, C.M. 1991. Regional patterns of diurnal breeding communities in Oregon and Washington. In Ruggiero, L.F., Aubry, K.B., Carey, A.B., and Huff, M.H., technical coordinators. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. Portland, OR: U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-285. p.177-206.

Humes, M. L., J. P. Hayes, and M. W. Collopy. 1999. Bat activity in thinned, unthinned, and old-growth forests in western Oregon. J. Wildl. Manage. 63(2):553-561.

Hunter, M. 1993. Young managed stands. Communiqué published by the Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management, Blue River Ranger District, Willamette National Forest. 16 pp. Available in pdf format at www.fsl.orst.edu/ccem/yst/ystd.html.

Isaac, L.A. 1938. Factors affecting the establishment of Douglas-fir seedlings. U.S. Dep. Agric. Circ.

Isaac, L.A. 1940. Vegetative succession following logging in the Douglas-fir region with special reference to fire. J. For. 38:716-721.

Juday, G.P. 1976. The location, composition, and structure of old-growth forests of the Oregon Coast Range. PhD Thesis: Oreg. State Univ, Corvallis.

Keeton, W. S. 2000. Occurrence and reproductive role of remnant old-growth trees in mature Douglas-fir forests, southern Washington Cascade Range. Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Wash., Seattle. 142 pp.

Kellogg, L., and M. Reed. 1998. Thinning young stands. Cat. No. 1089. Forestry Med. Ctr., College of Forestry, Oreg. State Univ. (31 min.). 541-737-4702.

Kellogg, L. D., M. Miller, Jr., and E. D. Olsen. 1999. Skyline thinning production and costs: experience from the Willamette Young Stand Project. Corvallis, OR: Oreg. State University, College of Forestry, Forest Research Laboratory; Research contribution 21. 33pp.

Kellogg, L.D., G.V. Milota, and B. Stringham. 1998. Logging planning and layout costs for thinning: experience from the Willamette Young Stand Project. Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University. Research Contribution 20. 20 pp.

Kellogg, L.D., M. Miller Jr., and E. D. Olsen. 1999. Skyline thinning production and costs: experience from the Willamette Young Stand Project. Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University. Research Contribution 21. 33 pp.

Kellogg, L.D., G.V. Milota, and M. Miller Jr. [in press/a]. Tractor thinning production and costs. Experience from the Willamette Young Stand Project. Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University.

Kellogg, L.D., M.M. Hossain, and E.D. Olsen. [in press/a]. Mechanized thinning production and costs. Experience from the Willamette Young Stand Project. Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University.

Keon, D.B. 2002. Fertile Usnea longissima in the Oregon Coast Range. Lichenologist 34:13-17.

Keon, D.B. and P. S. Muir. 2002. Growth of Usnea longissima across a variety of habitats in the Oregon Coast Range. The Bryologist 105:233-242.

Keon, D.B. and P.S. Muir. 2001. Predicting presence of the sensitive lichen Usnea longissima in managed landscapes. Manuscript.

Keon, D.B. and P.S. Muir. 2001. Factors limiting the distribution of the sensitive lichen Usnea longissima in the Oregon Coast Range: habitat or dispersal? Manuscript.

Knight, F. R., Jr. 1997. Spatial patterns and large tree densities of old-growth mixed-conifer and pure-pine forests in the Sierra Nevada and Pacific Northwest. MS Thesis, Univ. Wash., Seattle. 84 pp.

Knowe, S. 1994. Effect of competition control treatments on height-age and height-diameter relationship in young D.fir plantations.

Kohm, K. A., and J. F. Franklin, eds. 1997. Creating a forestry for the 21st century. Island Press, Washington, D. C., and Covelo, California.

Lefsky, M. A., W. B. Cohen, S. A. Acker, G. G. Parker, T. A. Spies, and D. Harding. 1999. LIDAR remote sensing of the canopy structure and biophysical properties of Douglas-fir/western hemlock forests. Remote Sensing of Environment 70:339-361.

Lippke, B. R., J. Sessions, and A. B. Carey. 1996. Economic analysis of forest landscape management alternatives. Center for International Trade in Forest Products Special Publication CINTRAFOR SP-21; University of Washington, Seattle. 157 pp.

Littlefield, B., R. Jacobs, and M. Reed. 2000. Managing for biodiversity in young forests. Cat. No. 1155, Forestry Media Center, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. (28 min.).

McArdle, R.E., W.H. Meyer, and D. Bruce. 1961. The yield of Douglas fir in the Pacific Northwest. Tech. Bull. No. 201, USDA, Wash., D. C.

McComb, W. C., T. A. Spies, and W. H. Emmingham. 1993. Douglas-fir forests: managing for timber and mature-forest habitat. J. For. 91(12):31-42.

McCune, B., P. S. Muir, E. B. Peterson, A. L. Rosso, and A. M. Ruchty. 1998. Biodiversity of Young Forests: Bryophytes and Lichens in Western Oregon. Final report to the USGS Biological Resources Division, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC), Subproject 3-16-2, Cumulative Report.

McCune, B. 1993. Gradients in epiphyte biomass in three Pseudotsuga-Tsuga forest of different ages in western Oregon and Washington. Bryologist 96:405-411.

Miller, M., and W. Emmingham. 2001. Can selection thinning convert even-aged Douglas-fir stands to uneven-aged structures? West. J. Appl. For. [January].

Monserud, R. A., and C. E. Peterson. [in review]. Large-scale management experiments in the moist maritime forests of the Pacific Northwest. [Unpublished manuscript on file at the Portland Forestry Sciences Lab, USDA Forest Service, PNW, Portland, submitted to Landscape and Urban Plannning, 2001.]

Muir, P.S., T.R. Rambo, and M. Reed. 1997. Enhancing lichens and bryophytes in young forests. Forestry Media Center, 1098-VT, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR (16 min.).

Muir, P.S., T.R. Rambo, D.B. Keon, and R.W. Kimmerer. 200X. Influence of overstory removal on growth of mosses and lichens in western Oregon. (in prep. for The Bryologist)

Neitlich, P. and B. McCune. 1997. Hotspots of epiphytic lichen diversity in two young managed forests. Conservation Biology 11:172-182.

North, M., J. F. Franklin, A. B. Carey, E. D. Forsman, and T. Hamer. 1999. Forest stand structure of northern spotted owl’s foraging habitat. Forest Science 45(4):520-527.

North, M., J. Trappe, and J. F. Franklin. 1997. Standing crop and animal consumption of fungal sporocarps in Pacific Northwest forests. Ecology 78:1543-1554.

O'Dea,M.E., J.C. Zasada, Tappeiner, J.C. II. 1995. Vine maple clone growth and reproduction in managed and unmanaged coastal Oregon Douglas-fir forests. Ecol. Appl. 5 (1):63-73.

Oliver, C. D. 1981. Forest development in North America following major disturbances. For. Ecol. Manage. XX:153-168.

Oliver, C. D., and B. C. Larson. 1990. Forest stand dynamics. McGraw-Hill, New York, 467 pp.

Pabst, R. J., and T. A. Spies. 1999. Structure and composition of unmanaged riparian forests in the coastal mountains of Oregon. Can. J. For. Res. 29:1557-1573.

Parker, G. G. 1997. Canopy structure and light environment of an old-growth Douglas-fir/western hemlock forest. Northwest Science 71:261-270.

Parker, G. G., and M. J. Brown. 2000. Forest canopy stratification–is it useful? Amer. Naturalist 155:473-484.

Peterson, E. B. 2000. Analysis and prediction of patterns in lichen communities over the western Oregon landscape. Ph.D. Dissertation. 140 pages.

Peterson, E. B., and B. McCune. 2001a. Diversity and succession of epiphytic macrolichen communities in low-elevation managed conifer forests in western Oregon. Journal of Vegetation Science (in press).

Poage, N.J. 2001. Structure and development of old-growth Douglas-fir in central western Oregon. PhD Thesis, Oreg. State, Univ., Corvallis.

Rambo, T.R. & P.S. Muir. 1995. Bryophyte Diversity and Ecology in Young and Old-growth Forest Stands of Western Oregon. Final report to the National Biological Service: Forest & Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center, Corvallis, Oregon, US Department of the Interior.

Rambo, T.R. 1997. Ecology of Forest Floor Bryophytes in Pseudotsuga menziesii-Tsuga heterophylla Stands of Western Oregon: Implications for Forest Management. Master's thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis.

Rambo, T.R. 2001. Decaying logs and habitat heterogeneity: implications for bryophyte diversity in western Oregon forests. Northwest Science (submitted).

Rambo, T.R. & P.S. Muir. 1998. Bryophyte species associations with coarse woody debris and stand ages in Oregon. The Bryologist 101: 366-376.

Rambo, T.R. & P.S. Muir. 1998. Forest floor bryophytes of Pseudotsuga menziesii-Tsuga heterophylla stands in Oregon: influences of substrate and overstory. The Bryologist 101: 116-130.

Ribe, Robert. 2001. Public perceptions of alternative forest management practices: testing alternative stand treatments. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2 pp.

Robbins, J. M. 2000. Influence of spacing and crown recession on wood quality of intensively-managed young-growth Douglas-fir. MS Thesis: Oregon State University, Corvallis.

Rosso, A. L., B. McCune, T. R. Rambo. 2000. Ecology and conservation of a rare, old-growth-associated canopy lichen in a silvicultural landscape. The Bryologist 103:117-127.

Rosso, A. L. 2000. Shrub epiphyte communities in relation to stand management in forests of western Oregon. PhD Dissertation, Oregon State University, 125 pages.

Rosso, A. L., P.S. Muir, and T.R. Rambo. 2001. Comparing accumulation rates of epiphytic bryophytes among forests of different ages using transplants. The Bryologist (in review).

Rosso, A. L., P.S. Muir, and B. McCune. 2001. Shrub epiphytes in relation to overstory thinning in forests of western Oregon. (in prep. for Ecography)

Rosso, A. L., B. McCune, and P.S. Muir. 2001. Hotspots of shrub epiphyte diversity in conifer forests of western Oregon. (in prep. for Biological Conservation)

Ruchty, A. 2000. The association of epiphytic macrolichens and bryophytes with riparian stand types along a valley continuum, Oregon Coast Range. MS Thesis, Oregon State University. 109 pages.

Ruchty, A., A. L. Rosso, & B. McCune. 2001. Changes in epiphytes as the shrub, Acer circinatum, develops and ages. The Bryologist 104 (in press).

Ruggiero, L. F., K. B. Aubry, A. B. Carey, and M. L. Huff, technical coordinators. 1991. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-285. 533 p.

Schrader, B. A. 1998. Structural development of late-successional forests in the central Oregon Coast Range: abundance, dispersal, and growth of western hemlock. MS Thesis, Oreg. State Univ., Corvallis. 175 pp.

Scott, W., R.Meade, R.Leon, D.Hyink, and R.Miller. 1998. Planting density and tree size relations in Coast Douglas-fir. Can. J. For. Res.28:74-78.

Scott, W., R.Meade, R.Leon, D.Hyink, and R.Miller. 1998. Planting density and tree size relations in Coast Douglas-fir. Can. J.For. Res. 28:74-78.

Spies, T.A., J. Cissel, J.F. Franklin, F. Swanson, N. Poage, R. Pabst, J. Tappeiner, L.Winter. 2002. Summary of workshop on development of old-growth Douglas-fir forests along the Pacific coast of North America: A regional perspective. Unpublished report. 14 pp.

Spies, T.A., and J.F. Franklin. 1991. The structure of natural young, mature, and old-growth forests in Oregon and Washington. Pp. 91-109 in L.F. Ruggiero, K.A. Aubry, A.B. Carey, and M.H. Huff (tech. eds.). Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. USDA For. Serv., Pacific Northwest Res. Sta. Gen. Tech. Rept. PNW-GTR-285, Portland, OR.

Stohlgren, T. J., A. J. Owen, M. Lee. 2000. Monitoring shifts in plant diversity in response to climate change: a method for landscapes. Biodiversity and Conservation 9(1):65-87.

Suzuki, Nobuya. 2000. Effects of thinning on forest floor vertebrates and analysis of habitat associations along ecological gradients in Oregon coastal Douglas-fir firests. PhD Thesis, Oreg. State Univ.

Tappeiner, J. C., D. Huffman, D. Marshall, T. A. Spies, and J. D. Bailey. 1997. Density, ages, and growth rates in old-growth and young-growth forests in coastal Oregon. Can. J. For. Res. 27:638-648.

Tappeiner, J. C., D. Lavender, J. Walstad, R. O. Curtis, and D. S. DeBell. 1997. Silvicultural systems and regeneration methods: current practices and new alternatives. Pp. 151-164 in Kohm, K. A., and J. F. Franklin, eds. Creating a forestry for the 21st century. Island Press, Washington, D. C., and Covelo, California.

Tappeiner, J. C., II, W. H. Knapp, C. A. Wierman, W. A. Atkinson, C. D. Oliver, J. E. King, and J. C. Zasada. 1986. Silviculture: The next 30 years, the past 30 years. II. The Pacific Coast. J. Forestry 84(May 1986):37-46.

Tappeiner, J.C., J.C. Zasada. 1993. Establishment of salmonberry, salal, vine maple, and bigleaf maple seedlings in the coastal forests of Oregon. Can. J. For. Res. 23 (9):1775-1780.

Tappeiner, J.C. II, J. Zasada, D. Huffman, B.D. Maxwell. 1996. Effects of cutting time, stump height, parent tree characteristics, and harvest variables on development of bigleaf maple sprout clumps. West. J. Appl. For. 11 (4) p. 120-124.

Thomas, S.C., C. B. Halpern., D. A. Falk, D. A. Liguori, and K. A. Austin. 1999. Plant diversity in managed forests: understory responses to thinning and fertililzation. Ecol. Appl. 9(3): 864-879.

Thysell, D. R., L. J. Villa, and A. B. Carey. 1997. Observations of northern flying squirrel feeding behavior: use of non-truffle foods. Northwestern Naturalist 78: 87-92.

Thysell, D. R., L. J. Villa, and A. B. Carey. 1997. Observations of northern flying squirrel feeding behavior: use of non-truffle food items. Northwestern Naturalist 78:87-92.

Thysell, D. R., and A. B. Carey. 2000. Effects of forest management on understory and overstory vegetation: a retrospective study. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-488. 41 p.

Thysell, D. R., and A. B. Carey. in litt. Manipulation of density of Pseudotsuga menziesii canopies: effects on understory vegetation. Canadian Journal Forest Science: in review.

Tuchmann, E. T., K. P. Connaughton, L. E. Freedman, and C. B. Moriwaki. 1996. The Northwest Forest Plan: A report to the President and Congress. U. S. Office of Forestry and Economic Assistance, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Tucker, Gabe. 1999. The H.J. Andrews uneven-aged management project: managing young stands. Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2pp.

Tucker, G., M. Duane, J. Mayo, and L. Skiels. Undated. Response of vegetation to alternative silvicultural thinning in the central Oregon Cascades: analysis of third-year post-harvest data from Willamette National Forest young stand thinning and diversity study.

Van Pelt, R., and J. F. Franklin. 1999. Response of understory trees to experimental gaps in old-growth Douglas-fir forests. Ecol. Appl. 9:504-512.

Ven Pelt, R., and J. F. Franklin. 2000. Influence of canopy structure on the understory environment in tall, old-growth, conifer forests. Can. J. For. Res. 30:1231-1245.

Villa, L. J., A. B. Carey, T. M. Wilson, and K. Glos. 1999. Reproduction and maturation of the northern flying squirrel in northwest forests. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-444. 56 p

Wang, Z.Q.; Newton, M.; Tappeiner, J.C. II. TI: Competitive relations between Douglas-fir and Pacific madrone on shallow soils in a Mediterranean climate. SO: For-sci. Bethesda, Md. : Society of American Foresters. Nov 1995. v. 41 (4) p. 744-757.

Weikel, J. M. 1997. Habitat use by cavity-nesting birds in young thinned and unthinned Douglas-fir forests of western Oregon. MS Thesis, Oreg. State Univ. 102 pp.

Weikel, J. M., and J. P. Hayes. 1999. The foraging ecology of cavity-nesting birds in young forests of the northern Coast Range of Oregon. Condor 101:58-66.

Wilson, T. M., and A. B. Carey. 1996. Observations of weasels in second-growth Douglas-fir forests in the Puget Trough, Washington. Northwestern Naturalist 77: 35-39.

Wilson, T. M. 2000. Population analysis of northern flying squirrels in the Puget Trough, Washington using microsatellite DNA. M.S. Thesis, The Evergreen State College, Olympia, Washington.

Wilson, S.M., and A. B. Carey. 2000. Legacy retention versus thinning: influences on small mammals. Northwest Science 74(2): 131-145.

Wilson, T. M., A. B. Carey, L. Lundgren, and W. F. Gergits. in litt. Variation in microsatellite DNA of Glaucomys sabrinus in forests with different management histories. for Journal of Molecular Biology.

Wilson, T. M., and A. B. Carey. in prep. Space-use patterns of northern flying squirrels in second-growth Douglas-fir forests. for Canadian Journal of Zoology.

Wilson, T. M., and A. B. Carey. in prep. Itineraries and observations of northern flying squirrels in second-growth Douglas-fir forests. as USDA Forest Service Research Paper.

Wilson, J. S., and C. D. Oliver. 2000. Stability and density management in Douglas-fir plantations. Can. J. For. Res. 30:910-920.

Winter, L. E. 2000. Five centuries of structural development in an old-growth Douglas-fir stand in the Pacific Northwest: a reconstruction from tree-ring records. Ph.D. Thesis. Univ. Wash., Seattle. 134 pp.

Wunder, L, and A. B. Carey. 1996. Use of forest canopies by bats. Northwest Science 69 (special issue): 79-85.

Zenner, E. K. 2000. Do residual trees increase structural complexity in Pacific Northwest coniferous forests? Ecol. Appl. 10:800-810.

Zenner, E. K., S. A. Acker, W. H. Emmingham. 1998. Growth reduction in harvest-age, coniferous forest with residual trees in the western Cascade Range. For. Ecol. Manage. 102:75-88.

 

ADDITIONAL REFERENCES: RESEARCH WITH MANAGEMENT APPLICATION

Acker, S.A.; Zenner, E.K.; Emmingham, W.H. 1998. Structure and yield of two-aged stands on the Willamette National Forest, Oregon: implications for green tree retention. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 28(5): 749-758.

Braudrick, Christian A.; Grant, Gordon E. 2000. When do logs move in rivers? Water Resources Research. 36(2): 571-583.

Cissel, John; Swanson, Frederick. Blue River Landscape Study: testing an alternative approach. In: Proceedings, Views from the Ridge conference; 1999 November 2-4; Vancouver, WA. Portland, OR.

Cissel, John H., Swanson, Frederick J., Weisberg, Peter J. 1999. Landscape management using historical fire regimes: Blue River, Oregon. Ecological Applications 9(4):1217-1231.

Duncan, Sally. 1999. Openings in the forest: the Andrews story. Forest History Today. Durham, NC: Forest History Society; Fall: 20-28.

Duncan, Sally with Fred Swanson and John Cissel. 1999. Messy world: managing dynamic landscapes. Science Findings. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station; September (18). 6pp.

Garman, Steven L.; Swanson, Frederick J.; Spies, Thomas A. 1999. Past, present, and future landscape patterns in the Douglas-fir region of the Pacific Northwest. In: Rochelle, James A.; Lehmann, Leslie A.; Wisniewski, Joe, eds. Forest fragmentation: wildlife and management implications. Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV:61-86.

Hart, Stephen C.; Perry, David A. 1999. Transferring soils from high-to-low-elevation forest increases nitrogen cycling rates: climate change implications. Global Change Biology. 5:23-32.

Johnson, Sherri L.; Grant, Gordon E.; Swanson, Frederick J.; Wemple, Beverly C. 1997. Lessons from a flood: an integrated view of the February 1996 flood in the McKenzie River Basin. In: Laenen, Antonius, ed. The Pacific Northwest floods of February 6-11, 1996: Proceedings of the Pacific Northwest water issues conference; 1997 October 7-8; Portland, OR. St. Paul, MN: American Institute of Hydrology: 159-167.

Jones, Julia A. 2000. Hydrologic processes and peak discharge response to forest removal, regrowth, and roads in ten small experimental basins, western Cascades, Oregon. Water Resources Research. 36(9): 2621-2642.

Jones, Julia A.; Swanson, Frederick J.; Wemple, Beverley C.; Snyder, Kai U. 2000. Effects of roads on hydrology, geomorphology, and disturbance patches in stream networks. Conservation Biology. 14(1): 76-85.

Jonsson, Bengt Gunnar. 1997. Riparian bryophyte vegetation in the Cascade mountain range, northwest U.S.A.: patterns at different spatial scales. Canadian Journal of Botany 75: 744-761.

Landres, Peter B.; Morgan, Penelope; Swanson, Frederick J. 1999. Overview of the use of natural variability concepts in managing ecological systems. Ecological Applications. 9(4):1179-1188.

Means, J.E.; Acker, Steven A.; Harding, David A. [and others]. 1999. Use of large-footprint scanning airborne lidar to estimate forest stand characteristics in the western Cascades of Oregon. Remote Sensing of Environment. 67:298-308.

Miller, Eric A.; Halpern, Charles B. 1998. Effects of environment and grazing disturbance on tree establishment in meadows of the central Cascade Range, Oregon, USA. Journal of Vegetation Science. 9: 265-282.

Parendes, Laurie A.; Jones, Julia A. 2000. Role of light availability and dispersal in exotic plant invasion along roads and streams in the H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest, Oregon. Conservation Biology. 14(1): 64-75.

Peck, JeriLynn E.; McCune, Bruce. 1997. Remnant trees and canopy lichen communities in western Oregon: a retrospective approach. Ecological Applications 7(4): 1181-1187.

Perry, David A. 1998. The scientific basis of forestry. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 29:435-66.

Rasmussen, Mary C.; Ripple, William J. 1998. Retrospective analysis of forest landscape patterns in western Oregon. Natural Areas Journal. 18(2): 151-163.

Shindler, Bruce; Cheek, Kristin Aldred; Stankey, George H. 1999. Monitoring and evaluating citizen-agency interactions: a framework developed for adaptive management. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-452. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 38pp.

Swanson, Frederick J. 2000. Rocks, paper, soils, trees: the view from an experimental forest. In: Schneiderman, J.S., ed. The earth around us: maintaining a livable planet. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company: 136-143.

Swanson, Frederick J.; Johnson, Sherri L.; Gregory, Stanley V.; Acker, Steven A. 1998. Flood disturbance in a forested mountain landscape: interactions of land use and floods. Bioscience 48(9): 681-689.

Weisberg, Peter J. 1999. An evaluation of the Blue River Landscape Project: How well does it use historical fire regimes as a model? Ft. Collins, CO: Colorado State University; final report. 24pp.

Weisberg, Peter J. 1997. Fire history and fire regimes of the bear-marten watershed: and some relationships with contemporary stand structures. Corvallis, OR: Department of Forest Science, Oregon State University; final report to the Bureau of Land Management: Eugene District 27 pp. plus 10 tables, 16 figures, and appendix 1.

Wondzell, Steven M.; Swanson, Frederick J. 1999. Floods, channel change, and the hyporheic zone. Water Resources Research. 35(2):555-567.