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Untitled

April 2, 2004

Moderator: Barbara Bond
Recorder: Sherri Johnson
Editor: Mark Harmon

ATTENDEES

Travis Wooley, Theresa Valentine, Don Henshaw, Kari O'Connell, Jim Mayo, Kathy Keable, Mark Harmon, Jack Lattin, Stan Gregory, Dan Sobota, Willem Van Verseveld, John Moreau, Randy Wildman, Howard Brunner, Craig Creel, Charles Frady, Bruce Caldwell, Suzanne Remillard, Linda Ashkenas, Sherri Johnson.

NEW FACES

Kathy Keable is currently at USFS McKenzie Ranger Station and will be serving as Site Manager at HJA for the summer. Kathy has a background in recreation and education and will be our Go To person for day-to-day activities at the HJA Headquarters. The search for a permanent Site Manager has been slowed down by USFS personnel policies, and we hope to have the position advertised soon through USAJOBS.

Inquiries and reservation requests for accommodations or facilities use should still be sent to HJAfacilities@fsl.orst.edu.

MCKENZIE NEWS (presented by Jim Mayo)

Thinning and hauling of logs will be starting on Blue River Face, so logging trucks will be coming down Road 130, which is just above the Headquarters. Please be careful!

Open House, Saturday, April 3, in Walterville-McKenzie Watershed Council, EWEB, USFS, BLM, other agencies will be sharing an open house about their activities in the McKenzie Basin.

Road work-Inmate crews are an economical possibility for help with road brushing and clearing that regular road crews can't fit into their schedule. Suggestions of trails or roads that need attention should go to Kari O'Connell. Specific sites mentioned include: 1507 road has many trees down and much scotch broom; Mack Creek trail needs attention; WS 2 trail will have some work this spring to begin clearing down trees.

Three Sisters bulge-small seismic activities associated with the magma slowly accumulating at 7-km depth are being monitored by USGS. For more info: http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/Sisters/framework.html.

GRAD STUDENT NEWS AND VIEWS

Proposal is going to NSF by LTER grad students for grad student symposium next year, with Everglades LTER as the lead site.

Everyone invited to Happy Hour Friday afternoons after LTER monthly meeting at Bombs Away, 5 pm.

Mark encouraged grad students to meet with HJA LTER researchers-so May 7, grad students will have an evening get together at Mark Harmon's house.

PNW/OSU LEADERSHIP MEETING

Mark Harmon reported that an initial meeting among lead organizations (PNW, OSU, Willamette NF) at HJA was held March 29, 2004, at OSU. All appreciated a chance to talk about successes of HJA research and education program and the challenges ahead to continue to maintain a world-class research facility. Part of the discussion focused on long-term plan and options for facilities maintenance at HJA. The meeting ended with the intention to have these discussions happen regularly so as to encourage communication and collaboration. Discussion at the LTER meeting brought up questions about the potential for OSU Research Office contributions to centers and institutes. Targeted Foundation dollars was also mentioned as a possibility, but that would need support of Deans and Vice Provosts. Highlighting new faculty lines and possibilities of having positions associated with HJA is also important. Follow-up activities include possibility of field tour with President Ray and Rich Holdren and other PNW leadership.

HJA DAZE

June 23 with the theme of "Old and new - research legacies and people."

Safety training is to be held the afternoon of June 22.

Wind River Canopy Crane 10-year Anniversary meeting will be June 24-25. Lots of chances for collaboration and parallel studies with our neighbors to the north. All are encourage to attend. There will be an afternoon poster session. More information listed below.

HJA MAP

Revisions to HJA Experimental Forest map underway, being led by Theresa Valentine. Discussion of what to include on this map, vs have available on the web page-Research trails, emergency shelters, locked gates, BLM section lines, abandoned roads. A revised PDF will be posted on the web soon for comments. The final version needs to be sent to USFS printing and publications soon, so that we can have maps on site for the researchers this summer.

SUMMER EVENING TALKS AT HJA

If visiting scientists are going to be at HJA, please consider the possibility of giving an evening talk. Kari O'Connell will help arrange and coordinate.

BIODIVERSITY

Jack Lattin, now with Botany Dept, mentioned the Arthropod and Biodiversity Collection is available for reference research on 4th floor of Cordley.

RESEARCH PROPOSAL

Willem Van Verseveld, a PhD candidate working with Jeff McDonnell, presented plan to enlarge the shallow well grid network in WS 1 and to install a well grid in WS 10. Detailed description is below. Because of possible overlap of these sites with others doing research in these small basins, a group will go to the field in late April to look at these sites. Contact Willem (Willem.VanVerseveld@oregonstate.edu) if you wish to be included in that tour. Willem will report back at the May meeting with clarification of potential overlap or site disturbance and a sketch map of sites.

NEW GRANTS

Kari O'Connell received NASA New Investigator grant-3 years to look at fire management effects on fuel accumulation and carbon allocation-coPIs are Mark Harmon and Tom Spies.

ChemDB, stream chemistry intersite data base has received funding to begin to set up web harvester for water chemistry data bases. Also additional funding for HydroDB to begin to describe watershed boundaries for basins that are part of HydroDB.

Part of LTER Supplements (REU, K12, smaller ones) have been approved and more information will be coming on Social Science, Education, RET in late April.

NEON UPDATE

Mark Harmon discussed that planning grants to try to develop overall view of how NEON would work are being submitted to NSF (one time grant of $6,000,000). Several different groups are submitting planning grants using different ideas of organizing a national network of Ecological Observatories. Jerry Franklin is coPI on planning grant from AIBS.

PUBLICATIONS

A new Ecological Applications issue focuses on Willamette project, led by Stan Gregory and Dave Hulse. Electronic version of the Willamette Atlas will be available on web during summer and be linked from HJA web site.

SCIENCE HOUR

Presented by Dr. Rick Meinzer, USFS PNW Research Station and lead scientist for the Forest Service at the Wind River Canopy Crane. His seminar title was "Water Uptake and Transport in Trees: Regulation and Unifying Principles."

PUBLICATIONS

(Please keep Tami Lowry,FSL332, updated on your Andrews-related [in broadest senses] publication activities. Not all papers listed below are available from Tami.)

Aubry, K.B., C.B. Halpern, and D.A. Maguire. [In press]. Ecological effects of variable-retention harvests in the northwestern United States: the DEMO study. Forest Snow and Landscape Research.

Binkley, Dan. [In press]. A hypothesis about the interaction of tree dominance and stand production through stand development. Forest Ecology and Management.

Binkley, Dan. 2003. Seven decades of stand development in mixed and pure stands of conifers and nitrogen-fixing red alder. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 33: 2274-2279.

Bisson, Peter A.; Wondzell, Steven M.; Reeves, Gordon H.; Gregory, Stan V. 2003. Trends in using wood to restore aquatic habitats and fish communities in western North American rivers. In: Gregory, Stan V.; Boyer, Kathryn L.; Gurnell, Angela M., eds. The ecology and management of wood in world rivers. American Fisheries Society Symposium 37. Bethesda, MD: American Fisheries Society: 391-406.

Boyer, Kathryn L.; Berg, Dean Rae; Gregory, Stan V. 2003. Riparian management for wood in rivers. In: Gregory, Stan V.; Boyer, Kathryn L.; Gurnell, Angela M., eds. The ecology and management of wood in world rivers. American Fisheries Society symposium 37. Bethesda, MD: American Fisheries Society: 407-420.

Czarnomski, Nicole Marie. 2003. Effects of harvest and roads on in-stream wood abundance in the Blue River Basin, western Cascades, Oregon. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. 144 p. M.S. thesis.

Farrand, A. M.; Li, J. L.; Johnson, S. L. 2002. Diel patterns of emergence and return in a western Oregon stream. In: Bulletin of the North American Benthological Society: 50th annual meeting; Pittsburgh, PA. Bulletin NABS 19(1). [Place of publication unknown]: North American Benthological Society: 311.

Fiala, Anne C. S. 2004. Forest canopy structure in western Oregon: characterization, methods for estimation, prediction, and importance to avian species. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. 335 p. M.S. thesis.

Gooseff Michael N.; Wondzell, Steve M.; Haggerty, Roy; Anderson, Justin. 2003. Comparing transient storage modeling and residence time distribution (RTD) analysis in geomorphically varied reaches in the Lookout Creek basin, Oregon, USA. Advances in Water Resources. 26: 925-937.

Gregory, Stan V.; Boyer, Kathryn L.; Gurnell, Angela M., eds. 2003. The ecology and management of wood in world rivers. American Fisheries Society Symposium 37. Bethesda, MD: American Fisheries Society. 444 p.

Gregory, Stan V.; Meleason, Mark A.; Sobota, Daniel J. 2003. Modeling the dynamics of wood in streams and rivers. In: Gregory, Stan V.; Boyer, Kathryn L.; Gurnell, Angela M., eds. The ecology and management of wood in world rivers. American Fisheries Society symposium 37. Bethesda, MD: American Fisheries Society: 315-335.

Halpern, C. B., D. McKenzie, S. A. Evans, and D. A. Maguire. [In press]. Early responses of forest understories to timber harvest with varying levels and patterns of green-tree retention. Ecological Applications.

Holub, Scott M. 2002. The fate of organic and inorganic nitrogen inputs in an old-growth forest of the central Oregon Cascade Range. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. 148 p. Ph.D. dissertation.

Miller, Jeffrey C.; Hammond, Paul C. 2003. Lepidoptera of the Pacific Northwest: caterpillars and adults. FHTET-2003-03. Morgantown, VW: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. 324 p.

Miller, Jeffrey C.; Hammond, Paul C.; Ross, Dana N. R. 2003. Distribution and functional roles of rare and uncommon moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Plusiinae) across a coniferous forest landscape. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 96(6): 847-855.

Moore, Georgianne W. 2003. Drivers of variability in transpiration and implications for stream flow in forests of western Oregon. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. 160 p. Ph.D. dissertation.

Nakamura, Futoshi; Swanson, Frederick J. 2003. Dynamics of wood in rivers in the context of ecological disturbance. In: Gregory, Stan V.; Boyer, Kathryn L.; Gurnell, Angela M., eds. The ecology and management of wood in world rivers. American Fisheries Society Symposium 37. Bethesda, MD: American Fisheries Society: 279-297.

Nelson, C. R., and C. B. Halpern. In press. Edge-related responses of understory species to aggregated retention harvest in the Pacific Northwest. Ecological Applications.

Sebestyen, Stephen D.; Johnson, Sherri L.; McDonnell, Jeffrey J.; McGuire, Kevin J. 2002. Generation of chemical signatures within stream networks: using synoptic surveys to identify controls on water chemistry in the Lookout Creek basin, Oregon, USA [Abstract]. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union. 83(19): H42D-03.

Smithwick, Erica A. H.; Harmon, Mark E.; Domingo, James B. 2003. Modeling multiscale effects of light limitations and edge-induced mortality on carbon stores in forest landscapes. Landscape Ecology. 18: 701-721.

Swanson, Frederick J. 2003. Wood in rivers: a landscape perspective. In: Gregory, Stan V.; Boyer, Kathryn L.; Gurnell, Angela M., eds. The ecology and management of wood in world rivers. American Fisheries Society symposium 37. Bethesda, MD: American Fisheries Society: 299-313.

Tollefson, Jennifer E.; Swanson, Frederick J.; Cissel, John H. [Submitted]. Fire severity in intermittent stream drainages, western Cascade Range, Oregon. Northwest Science.

Yano, Yuriko. 2002. Characteristics of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and its stabilization in a forest soil. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. 85 p. Ph.D. dissertation.

Yi, Hoonbok. 2002. Response of arthropods to different intensities of thinning in Oregon. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. 102 p. Ph.D. dissertation.


APPENDIX A

Willem Van Verseveld - Spring Field Activities 2004: Linking Hydrological and Biogeochemical Controls of Organic Carbon and -Nitrogen Transport in Forested Headwater Catchments Introduction

The fieldwork activities and set-up are oriented towards a better understanding of water flux rates, and nutrient flushing at the hillslope and catchment scale. The depth to bedrock (McDonnell et al, 1996; Freer et al, 1997; Freer et al, 2002; Buttle et al, 2004)), is a key control on subsurface flow and solute flushing. More detailed data of depth to bedrock of watershed 10 will be used as input in HillVi (Weiler et al, 2004) to explore the first order controls of hillslope scale N and DOC flushing. This data is also valuable to other researchers (Kevin McGuire, Marc Stieglitz, and others) working in watershed 10 and for future hydrologic studies at HJA (McDonnell and others).

Recent research suggests that the relative timing of riparian and hillslope source contributions and the connections and disconnections of dominant runoff contributing areas are the first-order catchment controls on stream nutrient concentrations and mass export (McGlynn and McDonnell, 2003). In order to examine the connection between the hillslope and riparian area, it is proposed to extend the hyporheic well-network of Steve Wondzell in watershed 1 to the hillslope.

Harr (1997) found that unsaturated flow is an important component of lateral waterflow through the hillslope in WS10 during storms. Following op on this work, and to quantify the importance of unsaturated flow in WS10 and how this relates to nutrient flushing, it is proposed to install a tensiometer network at the hillslope in WS10 and a couple of lysimeter nests at different locations at the hillslope.

Soil depth mapping and installation of wells at WS10 and WS01

Soil depth measurements at a gridscale of 2 meter will be performed in an area of 20 meter by 40 meter in watershed 10, above the trench, with the knocking pole penetrometer and soil tile probe. The measurement points will be marked and later surveyed for digital mapping. Wells will be installed to measure watertable development over time at the hillslope, how many (probably ~ 50) will depend on the variation in bedrock topography.

The extension of the riparian well network in WS01, at most 20 m upslope, will be most likely on the east side of the riparian area, for measuring watertables and taking water samples. The knocking pole penetrometer/ soil tile probe will also be used here to get an idea about soil-depths and -properties (at a coarser scale than at WS10).

Installation of tensiometers and lysimeters
  • Installation of a tensiometer network in WS10, for measuring soil water pressures, and lysimeter nests at different locations at the hillslope.
  • Installation of lysimeter nests in WS01, in the riparian zone, at the hillslope-riparian interface and at the hillslope.
  • Period: April-June 2004

    Note: this period is crucial for installation of wells, tensiometers and lysimeters, because soils are still relatively wet.

    References

    Buttle, J. M., Dillon, P. J., and Eerkes, G. R., 2004. Hydrological coupling of slopes, riparian zones and streams: an example from the Canadian Shield, Journal of Hydrology 287: 161-177.Freer, J., J.J.

    McDonnell, D. Brammer, K. Beven, R. Hooper, D. Burns (1997).Topographic controls on subsurface stromflow at the hillslope scale for two hydrologically distinct slopes. Hydrological Processes, Re-published by Wiley as part of AGU Special Issue pp. 117-122.

    Freer, J., J.J. McDonnell, K. Beven, D. Burns, R. Hooper, B. Aulenbach, C. Kendall and N. Peters Understanding the spatial and temporal dynamic contributions of subsurface storm runoff at the hillslope scale (2002). Water Resources Research, 38(12): 5-1 - 5-16.

    Harr, R.D., 1977. Water flux in soil and subsoil on a steep forested slope. Journal of Hydrology, 33: 37-58.

    McDonnell, J. J., Freer, J., Hooper, R., Kendall, C., Burns, D., Beven, K., and Peters, J., 1996. New method developed for studying flow in hillslopes, EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 77(47), 465.

    McGlynn, B. and J.J. McDonnell (2003). The role of discrete landscape units in controlling catchment dissolved organic carbon dynamics. Water Resources Research, 39(4): 3-1 - 3-18.

    Weiler, M. and J.J. McDonnell (2004). Virtual experiments: A new approach for improving process conceptualization in hillslope hydrology. Journal of Hydrology, 285, 3-18.


    APPENDIX B

    Wind River Canopy Crane Annual Meeting

    This is a first alert concerning planning for our 10th Annual WRCCRF Science Conference June 24, 2004.

    This year will be very different than previous year's conferences. We will be holding a 1-day conference on June 24, 2004, at Rock Creek Center in Stevenson, Washington.

    We are asking all current users to bring a poster of your research results, but we also hope everyone will bring posters (old or new) for our poster session which will substitute for the standard presentations this year.

    For questions regarding planning please contact Annie Hamilton (annieh@u.washington.edu) or me.

    We are making a big effort to include the general public and US Forest Service personnel to make the connection between science and utility. We are expecting an unusually large number of agency folks. We really appreciate your interaction with these folks.

    General format for the conference June 24, 2004. Rock Creek Center, Stevenson.
    9am - 1pm. Synthesis talks regarding major findings at Wind River.
    Including:
    WESTGEC/Carbon/eddy flux
    Water
    Photosynthesis and Respiration
    Structure/function
    Crown Development
    Biodiversity
    Diseases and Insects

    These will be 20-30 minute talks meant to synthesize the research results to date, with some discussion of application. Jerry will be contacting the relevant speakers.

    1pm - 230pm. Break/Lunch

    230pm - 430pm. Poster Session. Refreshments provided. Specific project research results from WRCCRF and Wind River Experimental Forest, and other related studies of interest. These can be old or new, i.e., everybody should bring a poster is possible.
    430pm - 630pm. Refreshments/dinner (finger food). No alcohol. Posters still going.

    7pm - 9pm. Public lectures from three folks, most likely:
    Nalini Nadkarni
    Hal Mooney
    Jerry Franklin

    On Friday, June 25, WESTGEC will hold it's annual Wind River meeting, and Jerry Franklin and Bob Obezinski will lead a field tour that will visit several forest stands in the wind river basin and discuss real world silvicultural applications of the research results from Wind River. Please let me know if you plan to attend and if you plan to present a poster. Thank you very much for your continued contribution to WRCCRF.

    David C. Shaw, Ph.D, Research Manager
    Wind River Canopy Crane Research Facility
    University of Washington
    1262 Hemlock Road
    Carson, Washington 98610
    Phone: 509.427.7028 Fax: 509.427.7037
    dshaw@u.washington.edu