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Publication Title: Dynamics of the dead wood carbon pool in northwestern Russian boreal forests
Year: 1995 Publication Type: Journal Article
H. J. Andrews Publication Number: 2216
Citation: Krankina, O. N.; Harmon, M. E. 1995. Dynamics of the dead wood carbon pool in northwestern Russian boreal forests. Water, Air and Soil Pollution. 82: 227-238.
Online PDF: http://andrewsforest.oregonstate.edu/pubs/pdf/pub2216.pdf
Abstract: Our study examines dead wood dynamics in a series of permanent plots established in closed,productive second-growth forest stands of north-west Russia and in temporary plots that represent differentsuccessional stages and types of disturbance. Dead wood stores measured on 63 plots 0.2-1.0 ha in size rangefrom 1-8 Mg C ha in young to mature intensively managed stands, 17 Mg C ha in an old-growth forest, 20Mg C ha on a clear-cut, and 21-39 Mg C ha following a severe windthrow. A total of 122 logs, snags, andstumps aged by long-term plot records was sampled for decay rates and to develop a system of decay classes.Annual decomposition rates are: 3.3% for pine, 3.4% for spruce, and 4.5% for birch. Based on these decayrates the average residence time of carbon (C) in the dead wood pool is 22-30 years. The mortality input onthe permanent plots was 23-60 Mg C ha over 60 years of observation or 15-50% of the total biomassincrement. This data suggests a dead wood mass of 10-22 Mg C ha would be expected in these mature forestsif salvage had not occurred. In old-growth forests, dead wood comprised about 20% of the total wood mass, aproportion quite similar to the larger, more productive forests of the Pacific Northwest (USA). If thisproportioning is characteristic of cool conifer forests it would be useful to estimate potential dead wood massfor old-growth forests without dead wood inventories. However, the use of a single live/dead wood ratio acrossthe range of successional stages, a common practice in C budget calculations, may substantially over- orunder-estimate the dead wood C pool depending upon the type of disturbance regime. Intensive forestmanagement including short harvest rotations, thinning and wood salvage reduces dead wood C stores to5-40% of the potential level found in undisturbed old-growth forest. In contrast, natural disturbance increasesdead wood C pool by a factor of 2-4. Keywords. DEAD WOOD, CARBON CYCLE, RUSSIAN FORESTS, DECAY RATES, BIOMASS POOLS.
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