CD: ABB

Images Metadata
Mount St. Helens pre-1980 eruption

Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Unknown..... Photo: ABB-001
Mount St. Helens; aerial view
Summit of Mt. St. Helens with explosion crater and ash on snow
Photographed by C. Rosenfeld ..... Date: 03/27/80 ..... Photo: ABB-002
Mount St. Helens early eruption
Minor ash eruption
Photographed by C. Rosenfeld ..... Date: 04/10/80 ..... Photo: ABB-003
Mount St. Helens blast
Pre-May 18, 1980; Phreatic eruption
Photographed by C. Rosenfeld ..... Date: 05/01/80 ..... Photo: ABB-004
Mount St. Helens blast
View of Mt. St. Helens and Muddy River lahar area from SE in declining stages of May 18 eruption.
Photographed by C. Rosenfeld ..... Date: 05/01/80 ..... Photo: ABB-005
Mount St. Helens blast
Vertical eruption column
Photographed by C. Rosenfeld ..... Date: 05/18/80 ..... Photo: ABB-006
Mount St. Helens blast
View of eruption column
Photographed by C. Rosenfeld ..... Date: 05/18/80 ..... Photo: ABB-007
Mount St. Helens blast
View of eruption column
Photographed by C. Rosenfeld ..... Date: 05/18/80 ..... Photo: ABB-008
Mount St. Helens blast
Pyroclastic descending flank of Mt. St. Helens
Photographed by C. Rosenfeld ..... Date: 05/18/80 ..... Photo: ABB-009
Helispot (H-6) Mid-Clearwater Riparian Vegetation
Riparian vegetation recovery
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 09/15/80 ..... Photo: ABB-010
Post eruption with pre eruption landmarks diagrammed on slide
Volcano cross-section pre- (sketched) and post- (photo) eruption.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Unknown..... Photo: ABB-011
Schematic of Mount St. Helens eruption damage
Map of volcanic process impact zones.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Unknown..... Photo: ABB-012
Spirit Lake in middle ground; Mt. Rainier in distance.
north from mountain before eruption
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Unknown..... Photo: ABB-013
Spirit Lake in middle ground; Mt. Rainier in distance.
north from mountain after eruption
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: 09/27/80 ..... Photo: ABB-014
Blast bash at St. Helens Lake
Base of blast-impacted, shattered tree, near St. Helens Lake
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: 09/27/80 ..... Photo: ABB-015
Blow down trees
Toppled, de-limbed trees NE of volcano
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Unknown..... Photo: ABB-016
Dead mammal
Dead small mammal on tephra deposit
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Unknown..... Photo: ABB-017
Dead horse
Dead horse near Polar Star Mine horse camp, Upper Green River.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: Unknown..... Photo: ABB-018
Mount St. Helens at sunset

Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Unknown..... Photo: ABB-019
Mid-Clearwater bridge; Riparian vegetation
Riparian vegetation recovery
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 10/28/81 ..... Photo: ABB-020

East end of Johnston Ridge and phreatic explosion pits in pyroclastic flows.
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: 06/20/80 ..... Photo: ABB-021

Phreatic explosion pits in pyroclastic flow deposits north of volcano.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-022

Views of volcano through hummocks on debris avalanche NW of volcano.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-023

Hummocky degris avalanche terrain.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-024

Fio Ugolini and Larry Bliss (UW) sampling soils.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-025
South Coldwater Creek
Jim Sedell (USFS-PNW) and John Barros (OSU) inspecting "primordial soup" -- organics-rich water.
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-026

Organic matter accumulations in "primordial soup"
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-027
North Coldwater Lake
North Coldwater Lake blocked by debris avalanche.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: 10/22/80 ..... Photo: ABB-028
Spirit Lake
Looking across Spirit Lake
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-029
Debris Avalanche on North Toutle River
Hummocky terrain and pond on debris avalanche, North Toutlte River
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-030

Small Lake in blowdown part of blast zone
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-031
Ryan Lake
Jim Sedell (USFS-PNW) sampling Ryan Lake from blowndown trees.
Photographed by Sarah Greene ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-032

Sampling a lake in ashfall zone NE of Mt. St. Helens.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-033

Pyroclastic flow deposits (light color) on debris avalanch deposits (darker gray).
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-034

Steam emissions from Mt. St. Helens crater.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-035

Scientist returning to helicopter parked on pyroclastic flow deposits north of crater.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-036

View up Lahar area SE of Mt. St. Helens.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-037

???? Smith Creek area east of Mt. St. Helens.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-038

???? Smith Creek area east of Mt. St. Helens.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-039
Mid-Clearwater bridge, riparian vegetation
Riparian vegetation recovery
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 08/01/82 ..... Photo: ABB-040
North Fork Toutle River
"Bayonet" trees in mudflow zone, N. Fork Toutle River. Trees sharpened by mudflow abrasion.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: Unknown..... Photo: ABB-041
East Smith Creek
Down trees on divide on east side of Smith Creek looking toward Mt. St. Helens.
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: 06/17/80 ..... Photo: ABB-042
Mid-Clearwater bridge; Riparian vegetation
Riparian vegetation recovery
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 06/28/83 ..... Photo: ABB-043
Clearwater Valley
Looking down Clearwater Creek and valley from Upper bridge with down tree zone (foreground) and standing dead (distance).
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-044
Blast zone stream (Clearwater Creek???)
Stream in zone of blowdown and scattered standing dead; Probably Clearwater Creek
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-045
Blast zone
Jim Sedell and Fred Swanson in mixed standing and blowndown in forest - blast zone
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-046
Blast zone
East side Smith Creek; pre-eruption clearcut area in blast zone.
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-047
1980 Tephra deposits (Clearwater)
2 cm silty-sandy tephra over pumice airfall (~20 cm) over darker gray sandy blast deposits; Clearwater
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: 06/17/80 ..... Photo: ABB-048

Fungal or dried-up algal material in blast deposit depression.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-049
Mid-Clearwater bridge; Riparian vegetation
Riparian vegetation recovery; just downstream of Middle Clearwater Bridge.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 07/01/85 ..... Photo: ABB-050
Upper Clearwater; Trillium
Trillium emerging through blast deposits broken up by melting of snow.
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: 06/17/80 ..... Photo: ABB-051
Upper Clearwater; Trillium
Close up of #51 - Trillium flowering
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: 06/17/80 ..... Photo: ABB-052
Root wad with surviving plant
Tip up mound with sprouting surviving plants in blast zone.
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-053
Curtis Lake area; Pearly Everlasting flowering
Pearly Everlasting flowering in blast zone near Curtis Lake.
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: 09/23/80 ..... Photo: ABB-054
Blast zone; surviving conifer from under snow.
Small, understory conifer partially emerging from melting snow bank and blast zone deposits.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-055
Meta/Will tree; Meta Lake
Will Moir by three level fir; west side Meta Lake. Top third defoliated by blast, middle third has brown foliage from quick exposure when blast deposits melted snow, bottom third has green foliage from slow snow melt under insulation of cooled blast deposits.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 09/15/80 ..... Photo: ABB-056
Ferns
Surviving ferns growing on streamside tip-up mound in blast zone.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-057
Meta Lake shoreline
Lake and shoreline in mixed downtree and standing dead in blast zone. Some revegetation from snow cover survival.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-058
Revegetation
Surviving Carex emerging from beneath about 10 cm of airfall tephra.
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-059
ACMA sprout tree; Green River near Schulz Creek
Sprouting of blast-damaged, de-limbed broadleaf maple tree on north edge of blast zone.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 08/01/80 ..... Photo: ABB-060
Mountain ash berries
Berries on Mountain Ash shrub (survivor under snow cover) on shore of Meta Lake in blast zone.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-061

Fireweed (Epilobium) on debris avalanceh deposit (?)
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-062
Bug on fern
Bug on fern
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-063

Fireweed in flower in pre-eruption clearcut; Clearwater valley floor.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-064

Revegetation in pre-eruption clearcut area; north side of North Fork Toutle River.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-065
Blast zone
Pre-eruption clearcut and down tree areas in blast zone.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-066
Fireweed; Upper Green River
Fireweed in pre-eruption clearcut; Clearwater valley floor (?)
Photographed by M. Hermstrom ..... Date: 09/15/80 ..... Photo: ABB-067
Scorch; seared vegetation - Clearwater Creek
Standing dead in west side of Clearwater Creek looking NNE west side upper Bean Creek drainage.
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: 06/17/80 ..... Photo: ABB-068
Standing dead; Clearwater
Standing dead zone; east side Clearwater valley.
Photographed by Joe Means ..... Date: 10/03/80 ..... Photo: ABB-069
Standing dead
Standing dead zone in Weyerhauser Co. douglas-fir plantations NW of Mt. St. Helens.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-070
Ashed forest
View of ash-coated forest NE of Mt. St. Helens from the air.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: 06/01/80 ..... Photo: ABB-071
Airfall on forest and meadow
Airfall ash on trees and upper elevation meadow; NE of volcano.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-072
Ashed saplings; N. Marble Mtn.
Confier saplings bend by ash from June 1980 eruption.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 07/02/80 ..... Photo: ABB-073
Ash-covered seeding
Ash-coated foliage with needle crop of 1980 just emerging.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-074
1980 new growth; N. Marble Mtn.
Ash-coated foliage with needle crop of 1980 just emerging.
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: 07/02/80 ..... Photo: ABB-075
Aerial seeding
Helicopter spraying grass seed for erosion control NE of Mt. St. Helens.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-076

Grass seed (applied for erosion control) sprouting in dessication crack in 1980 tephra deposits; cutaway view.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-077

Grass seed sprouting in dessication cracks in 1980 tephra.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-078

Mt. St. Helens at sunset.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-079
Mid-Clearwater Creek; Riparian revegetation
Riparian revegetation.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 08/01/94 ..... Photo: ABB-080
Mount St. Helens - about 5 minutes before 1980 eruption
Frame b; pre-eruption of Gary Rosenquist photo sequence analyzed by Barry Voight in paper in USGS Prof. Paper 1250.
Photographed by Gary Rosenquist ..... Date: 05/18/80 ..... Photo: ABB-081
Mount St. Helens 1980 eruption - 3 to 6 seconds
Frame g, h, or i of Rosenquist sequence interpreted by Barry Voight in USGS Prof. Paper 1250.
Photographed by Gary Rosenquist ..... Date: 05/18/80 ..... Photo: ABB-082
Mount St. Helens 1980 eruption - 13 seconds
Frame n of Rosenquist sequence interpreted by Barry Voight in USGS Prof. Paper 1250.
Photographed by Gary Rosenquist ..... Date: 05/18/80 ..... Photo: ABB-083
Mount St. Helens 1980 eruption - 24 seconds
Frame r of Rosenquist sequence interpreted by Barry Voight in USGS Prof. Paper 1250.
Photographed by Gary Rosenquist ..... Date: 05/18/80 ..... Photo: ABB-084
Mount St. Helens 1980 eruption

Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: 05/18/80 ..... Photo: ABB-085

same as #41
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Unknown..... Photo: ABB-086
Spirit Lake
Spirit Lake with floating log mat.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 06/28/83 ..... Photo: ABB-087
Lower Schulz
Tom Dunne (UW) on down timber in Lower Schulz Creek area north of Mt. St. Helens.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 08/01/80 ..... Photo: ABB-088
Mouth of Coldwater
Debris avalanche deposits blocking South Coldwater Creek forming lake and North Coldwater.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 07/01/80 ..... Photo: ABB-089
North Fork Toutle mudflow
Helicopter over logs past of North Toutle River mudflow (lahar) logs cut to length from Weyerhaeuser log decks.
Photographed by media ..... Date: 05/18/80 ..... Photo: ABB-090
Debris Avalanche near Elk Lake
North Fork Toutle eroding into debris avalanche hummock near Elk Rock.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 06/01/82 ..... Photo: ABB-091
Smith Ridge - Gully formation
Chronosequence of gully formation 1980-1981. 9/80, 1/81, 6/81
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 9/80-6/81 ..... Photo: ABB-092
Blowdown Forest (text and photo)
Toppled native (?) forest.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-093
Airfall Tephra (text and photo)
Airfall ash in forest and clearcut NE of Mt. St. Helens; near Elk Pass.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: Summer 1980 ..... Photo: ABB-094
Rill & Gully (text and photo)
Small rills, gullies, depositional fan in area of blast and pumice tephra fall NE of Mt. St. Helens in pre-eruption clearcut.
Photographed by Fred Swanson ..... Date: 1981?? ..... Photo: ABB-095
Upper Green River
Blast-toppled forest along upper Green River; look to south up drainage.
Photographed by Jerry Franklin ..... Date: 07/25/80 ..... Photo: ABB-096

same as #14
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Unknown..... Photo: ABB-097

same as #13
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: Unknown..... Photo: ABB-098
Debris avalanche ponds
Ponds on degris avalanche.
Photographed by Unknown ..... Date: 08/01/83 ..... Photo: ABB-099
Gully up Quartz Creek
Gully wall section showing stratigraphy of pre-1980 tephra (airfall ash) deposits near Quartz Creek NE of Mt. St. Helens.
Photographed by Joe Means ..... Date: 05/29/81 ..... Photo: ABB-100